More than 3 million Internet-accessible servers are at risk of being infected with crypto ransomware because they're running vulnerable software, including out-of-date versions of Red Hat's JBoss enterprise application, researchers from Cisco Systems said Friday.
About 2,100 of those servers have already been compromised by webshells that give attackers persistent control over the machines, making it possible for them to be infected at any time, the Cisco researchers reported in a blog post. The compromised servers are connected to about 1,600 different IP addresses belonging to schools, governments, aviation companies, and other types of organizations.
Some of the compromised servers belonged to school districts that were running the Destiny management system that many school libraries use to keep track of books and other assets. Cisco representatives notified officials at Destiny developer Follett Learning of the compromise, and the Follett officials said they fixed a security vulnerability in the program. Follett also told Cisco the updated Destiny software also scans computers for signs of infection and removes any identified backdoors.As Ars reported last week, attackers pushing crypto ransomware recently escalated their assaults by . At the time, Cisco researchers identified about 2 million vulnerable servers. Friday's blog post warning of 3 million susceptible servers suggests the risk has yet to be contained. It's also an indication the threat may get worse still, as vulnerabilities in additional server software are identified.
"If you find that a webshell has been installed on a server, there are several steps that need to be taken," Cisco researchers wrote in Friday's post. "Our first recommendation, if at all possible, is to remove external access to the server. This will prevent the adversaries from accessing the server remotely. Ideally, you would also re-image the system and install updated versions of the software." If rebuilding from scratch isn't feasible, the next best option is to restore the system from a backup made before it was compromised and install all available updates before returning the server to production.